|During the journey to Athens for the meeting of the International Olympic
Committee in 1934, the important question concerning the festive aspect
of the Games was discussed. It was decided that the International Olympic
Committee, as the supreme senate of physical culture, should constitute
a unit at the Olympic Games and should be distinguished as such. The Secretary-General,
Dr. Diem, therefore proposed that the form generally used for magistrates
and scholastic dignitaries be adhered to, and since it was deemed impractical
to institute robes of office, a large gold chain should be worn to symbolize
the membership in the International Olympic Committee. This proposal was
approved by the Olympic Committee.
Six medallions were set into the links of a gold-plated, hand-worked
chain, these being reproductions of antique originals from the period between
300 and 500 B.C. depicting a The five enamelled Olympic rings were
attached to a large medallion revealing a reproduction of the head of Zeus
from a Greek engraved gem in the Berlin State Museum. The reverse side
of the medallion contained the inscription, "XI. Olympiade Berlin 1936,"
and space for additional Olympic Festivals. This chain was also created
by the Berlin sculptor, Herr Lemcke, whose designs met with the approval
of the President of the Organizing Committee.
According to the regulations drawn up, these chains become the permanent
property of the International Olympic Committee, and shall be preserved
at the headquarters of the Secretary-General in Lausanne, being presented
to the members of the Committee on the occasion of each Olympic Festival.
(Source document: Official
Report 1936, Vols. I, page 126, 127)