Olympic Games 1964 Tokyo

18th Olympiad

JAPAN

Sports: 21            National Teams: 94

Identity Card

 
   Identity Cards

The issuance of Identity Cards and control of entry into Japan In accordance with the established practice of past Olympic Games, Identity Cards were issued to the competitors, officials, journalists, etc., for the purposes of simplifying the entry procedures, to clarify the qualifications of the bearers, and to afford them various facilities during the Games. Great care was taken in preparing this card to ensure that no discrimination whatsoever would be made to any Olympic participants. The Japanese Government had made a definite promise to the International Olympic Committee at the beginning, that participants would be admitted into this country without any discrimination. However, different legal control procedures apply to persons from abroad entering Japan, and this made the preparation of a uniform Identity Card a matter of some difficulty. Entrance procedures for persons arriving in Japan from foreign countries can be classified as follows:

(1) Countries with which agreements have been made by which visas are not required.

(2) Countries whose citizens, in the absence of any visa agreement, are required to obtain an entrance visa at a Japanese Consular Office abroad.

(3) Countries having diplomatic relations with Japan whose citizens are required, in addition to the necessary visa, to also have a guarantor.

(4) Citizens of countries with whom Japan does not enjoy diplomatic relations, are not admitted in principle to enter Japan (e.g. East Germany, North Korea, and Albania).

Particular efforts were taken to enable the Identity Cards to be used by the participants of the countries under (3) and (4) to enter Japan for the Tokyo Olympic Games. With the cooperation of the various Governmental sections involved (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Justice, and the Cabinet Council Room), the Identity Card issued by the Organizing Committee was officially recognized in May 1964 as a document to be used in lieu of an official passport. The Organizing Committee promptly sent samples of the Identity Cards and regulations for their use to the National Olympic Committees, with the request that they approach their respective Governments to obtain their approval. Subsequently, on the basis of the data from the preliminary inquiries concerning the number of the participants, the Organizing Committee towards the end of July began to forward the actual Identity Cards for their Governments approval. Apart from those countries not requiring visas, general abolition of visas for entrance to Japan for the Games was not realized, however the necessity of appearance in person for visa was dispensed with, and collective application by a representative to any Japanese Consulate was made possible. Applicants were exempted from visa fees. Identity Card bearers were received at the point of entry in Japan, with a minimum of formality, requiring only a brief inspection by the Immigration Control Officers.

identity card olympic games 1964 tokyo

It was gratifying to note that no incidents whatsoever occurred in connection with entrance and departure of participants from any country. The term of validity of the Identity Card was the 90 days between 15th August and 14th November 1964. This term was in fact a very appropriate one to facilitate the activities of those concerned with the Games.

Forms of the Identity Cards The form of the Identity Cards will be found on these pages. By reason of the difference in signatories, two general kinds of Cards were prepared, one for the National Olympic Committees and the other for the International Sport Federations. Specially manufactured waterproof texture paper was used for both so that the Cards would not be defaced or spoiled by moisture. The paper was watermarked to prevent forgery. A serial number was printed on the Identity Card, and this number was used during the period of the Games for the bearers identification. Upon arrival in Japan, the data concerning the bearer on his ID Card, including the number, was fed into the IBM computer system. This system enabled the checking with individual entries, prompt reporting of the records, and other routine matters to be greatly facilitated. The Organizing Committee prepared also vinyl cases with the same serial number as that of the Identity Cards. These cases were classified by colour into the following seven different categories to signify the status of the ID Card bearers. This card-case was handed to each bearer on completion of the ID Card after arrival in this country.


 
Number of ID cards issued:
 
Classification
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Total
NOC (including IOG)
83
247
399
   
7,459
 
8,188
IF
 
58
 
981
     
1,039
Press (including photographers)      
 
1,332
   
1,332
Resident Intern. Press Corp.      
 
175
   
175
Radio, Television      
 
384
   
384
Organizing Committee  
37
       
171
208
Total
83
342
399
981
1,891
7,459
171
11,326


Validity of ID cards by classification:

 

Cate-
gory
Colour Seril
No.
Bearer Accessible Seat
A White 1 ~
199
Members of IOC Stand A in all stadiums; 
the Olympic Village
B Green 200 ~
899
Presidents and Secretary Generals of NOC and ISF, and ohne member of their family Stand B of main stadium and each stadium; the Olympic Village
C Brown 1000~
1999
Member of Organizing Committee, Chiefs of Mission, Olympic Attachés, and guest of NOC Stand C of main stadium and each stadium. The Olympic Village is accessible for the Chiefs of Mission and Olympic Attachés.
D Yellow 5000~
6999
International Juries Stand D of main stadium and each stadium of the respective game Stand E
E Red 20000~
22999
Journalists Stand E of all stadia
F Blue 10000~
19999
Competitors and Team officials Stand F of main stadium and the stadium of the respective game. Team doctors, masseurs, and one official per 80 competitors were permitted to enter the stadia.
G Purple 2000~
3100
Guests of the Organizing Committee The designated seats of Stand G of all the stadia.

 

Completion of the Identity Cards by the Organizing Committee and the Protocol of the Olympic Games The Identity Cards proved uniformly effective as far as the bearers' entrance and departure were concerned. Inasmuch, however, as the Cards had been sent in blank to the NOC's and ISF's concerned, it was necessary to have them presented to the Organizing Committee for final completion after entry to Japan. This was necessary also to establish the status of the bearer and to ensure that the correct Protocol of the Olympic Games was maintained. The actual procedure was to stamp the names of the sites for which the Cards would be effective, and to return the Card to the bearer in a card-case bearing the same numbers as the Cards, together with badges corresponding to their status. 

Many of these ID Cards were submitted, however, in groups in the days immediately before the opening of the Games, and this was complicated by the fact that there were only a very small number of National Olympic Committees which had complied with the earnest requests of the Organizing Committee to submit the lists of the persons to whom ID Cards had been issued before the actual arrival of the delegations. Inasmuch as the Cards had of necessity to be forwarded to the National Olympic Committees and the International Sport Federations, etc., in blank, the final review was recognized as being important for Protocol purposes of the Olympic Games provided for in the Olympic Charter, and for control of access to the Olympic Village and the stadia and venues. On 10th September, therefore, a registration centre was set up in the hall on the ground floor of the Organizing Committee headquarters. With a staff of 45 persons (including 25 interpreters mainly for English, French, Spanish, German, and Russian), this section handled the completion of Identity Cards, matters concerning entrance and departure, arrival of teams, collection of information on the participants' departure, registration of individual entries, and related matters. 

Though as stated above, some pressure was experienced in efficiently dealing with the rush of ID Cards submitted during the few days before the Games, the overall matters were otherwise disposed of without incident. From the period 14th September to 17th October, a daily average of 310 Cards were completed. The peak was reached on 4th October with 1,037 Cards. The total of the submitted Identity Cards was 11,326, the details of which are given in appendix tables
 

(Source document:  Official Report 1964, vol. 1, page 90)


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